Being one of the oldest Civilizations in the world, complete with a rich history and culture as well as a strong and long scientific and technological tradition, it comes as no surprise that many significant inventions have come out of India. I bet after reading this blog, you’d surely be a little more proud to be an Indian. Here are the 10 inventions that India gave to the world.
10 –Wireless Communication
This invention revolutionised the way we communicate. Indian Scientist, Jagdish Chandra Bose invented the technology of Wireless Communication. He demonstrated radio waves in the year 1895, two years before Marconi. In other words, Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose invented wireless communication technology, which enables people to communicate quickly and transmit information over a distance without the need for electrical conductors, wires or cables.
9 –Martial Art
What comes to your mind when you hear about Martial Art? Bruce Lee? But you’ll be surprised that Martial Art was first practiced in India and it was then spread to China and Japan by Buddhist missionaries.
Can believe that a brain surgery or plastic surgery could have been possible 2,600 years ago? Well, Sushruta, the Father of Surgery, made it Possible. He authored a book which had various volumes, collectively known as ‘Susrutha Samhita’. Shushruta practiced complicated surgeries like cataract, cesareans, fractures, urinary stones, plastic surgery and brain surgeries.
With origins tracing back to Lord Shiva (also known as Adi Yoga), the first yoga guru. Today, people practise this spiritual, physical and mental exercise across the world on a daily basis for healthy living. We’ve also seen Baba Ramdev popularizing it to every household in India. And why not, Yoga existed in the Indian civilization for over 5000 years.
The world of Sin and Cosines was also discovered in India. The term Trigonometry was derived from Sanskrit word, tri (Three), Kona (Angle) and Miti (Parametre). And the credit goes to Aryabatha again as he invented the world of Trigonometry in the late 5th century, but were likely developed earlier in astronomical treatises of the 3rd or 4th century. Later, the 6th-century astronomer Varahamihira discovered a few basic trigonometric formulas and identities, such as sin^2(x) + cos^2(x) = 1.
5 –Pentium Chip
Vinod Dham is also known as the Father of the Pentium chip, for his contribution to the development of highly successful Pentium processors from Intel.He then invented the AMD K6, popularly known as the “Pentium killer” . He is also one of the co-inventors of Intel’s first Flash Memory Technology (ETOX).
4 – Sugar
Photo credit:NBC news
The process of producing crystallized sugar from sugarcane was discovered by the time of the Imperial Guptas, and the earliest reference of candied sugar comes from India. The process was soon transmitted to China with traveling Buddhist monks. Chinese documents confirm two missions to India, for obtaining technology for sugar-refining.
The word shampoo is derived from Hindi word chāmpo and dates to 1762. The shampoo itself originated in the eastern regions of the Mughal Empire where it was introduced as a head massage, usually consisting of alkali , natural oils and fragrances. Shampoo was first introduced in Britain by a Bengali entrepreneur from Bihar named Sake Dean Mahomed.
2 –First University
As early as 700 B.C., there existed a giant University at Takshashila, located in the northwest region of India. It had 300 lecture halls, laboratories, a library and a towering observatory for astronomical research. A Chinese traveler, Hien Tsang wrote in his diary that it had 10,000 students and 200 professors.
1 – Zero
I often asked my friends about who discovered Zero when I scored zero every time in the unit test. Ok, here is the answer to that question. Aryabhata, a legendary mathematician invented zero in 5th Century AD. Although Babylonians used zero to signify the ‘absent’, Indians were the first to use the zero as a symbol and in arithmetic operations. Feeling proud? Well indeed. Give a Thumbs up if you like this list.